Venezuelan Francisco de Miranda had attempted to kick-start independence in 1806 with an aborted invasion of Venezuela's northern coast.
Simon Bolivar's Childhood Bolivar was born in Caracas (present-day Venezuela) in 1783 to an extremely wealthy family.At that time, a handful of families owned most of the land in Venezuela, and the Bolivar family was among the wealthiest in the colony.Both of his parents died while Simon was still young: he had no memory of his father, Juan Vicente, and his mother Concepcion Palacios died when he was nine years old.Orphaned, Simon went to live with his grandfather and was raised by his uncles and his nurse Hipólita, for whom he had great affection.Young Simon was an arrogant, hyperactive lad who often had disagreements with his tutors.He was schooled at the finest schools that Caracas had to offer.
From 1804 to 1807 he went to Europe, where he toured around in the manner of a wealthy New World creole.
Venezuela: Ripe for Independence When Bolívar returned to Venezuela in 1807, he found a population divided between loyalty to Spain and a desire for independence.
Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was the greatest leader of Latin America's independence movement from Spain.
A superb general and a charismatic politician, he not only drove the Spanish from northern South America but also was instrumental in the early formative years of the republics that sprang up once the Spanish had gone.
His later years are marked by the collapse of his grand dream of a united South America.
He is remembered as "The Liberator," the man who liberated his home from Spanish rule.